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Theses

Dopamine and non-canonical signaling

Abstract : Striatal medium-sized spiny neurons (MSNs) integrate dopamine signals mainly through the cAMP signaling pathway. Dopamine D1 or D2 receptors trigger an increase or a decrease in cAMP levels, respectively. My thesis focuses on how phosphodiesterases (PDEs), which degrade cAMP, are involved in the integration of dopamine signals in the striatum. I used genetically-encoded FRET biosensors to monitor cAMP level in real time in individual living neurons in striatal brain slice preparations. I used selective inhibitors to determine the function of each PDE. PDE1B, which is activated by calcium-calmodulin, appears as a detector of the coincidence of dopamine and glutamate signals, which is critical in the regulation of synaptic plasticity involved in reward-based learning. PDE10A shows the most prominent activity, efficiently degrading both high and low cAMP levels. PDE10A activity is required to allow for PKA de-activation, and therefore needed to transduce a dopamine signal through D2 receptors into a decrease in PKA-dependent phosphorylation. PDE2A and PDE4 appeared to degrade only high levels of cAMP, preventing large increases in cAMP. PDE2A, which activity can be increased by cGMP, also appears as a detector of dopamine and NO coincidence. Understanding PDE functions can highlight their potential as therapeutic targets in CNS pathologies. As an example, we showed an increased PDE2A function in the hippocampus of a mouse model of Fragile X syndrome. Besides the cAMP/PKA pathway, dopamine D2 receptors is reported to activate non-canonical pathways. Attempts to use biosensors for Akt and ERK pathways did not provide conclusive data.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 3:34:41 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03346728, version 1

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Elia Marilia da Fonte Mota. Dopamine and non-canonical signaling. Neurons and Cognition [q-bio.NC]. Sorbonne Université, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SORUS600⟩. ⟨tel-03346728⟩

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