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Effects of laboratory culture on compatibility between snails and schistosomes

Abstract : The genetic control of compatibility between laboratory strains of schistosomes and their snail hosts has been studied intensively since the 1970s. These studies show (1) a bewildering array of genotype-by-genotype interactions – compatibility between one pair of strains rarely predicts compatibility with other strains, and (2) evidence for a variety of (sometimes conflicting) genetic mechanisms. Why do we observe such variable and conflicting results? One possibility is that it is partly an artifact of the use of laboratory strains that have been in culture for many years and are often inbred. Here we show that results of compatibility trials between snails and schistosomes – all derived from the same natural population – depend very much on whether one uses laboratory-cultured or field-collected individuals. Explanations include environmental effects of the lab on either host or parasite, and genetic changes in either host or parasite during laboratory culture. One intriguing possibility is that genetic bottlenecks during laboratory culture cause the random fixation of alleles at highly polymorphic loci that control the matched/mismatched status of hosts and parasites. We show that a simple model of phenotype matching could produce dose response curves that look very similar to empirical observations. Such a model would explain much of the genotype-by-genotype interaction in compatibility observed among strains
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Soumis le : mardi 14 octobre 2008 - 15:22:29
Dernière modification le : jeudi 5 mars 2020 - 18:47:14
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A. Théron, C. Coustau, A. Rognon, S. Gourbière, M.S. Blouin. Effects of laboratory culture on compatibility between snails and schistosomes. Parasitology, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2008, 135 (10), pp.1179-1188. ⟨10.1017/S0031182008004745⟩. ⟨halsde-00330477⟩



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