Macro-, meso- and micro-charcoal from the Epigravettian settlements of Mezhyrich (Ukraine): Taphonomical and anthracological issues

Abstract : This paper is the state of the art of charcoal signal studies (macro-, meso- and micro-charcoal) that have been carried out at the Epigravettian settlement of Mezhyrich. This work took part of the French ANR project “Mammouths”. Charcoal signals have been found in both natural and archaeological (pits and activity areas) deposits that have been sampled during the 2007–2008 archaeological excavations. This study aims at discussing the natural versus anthropic causes of those charcoal signals. Microscopic charcoal have been observed and quantified from loess sediments; they are probably the consequence of regional fire regimes. Charcoal signals found in archaeological layers would be mainly caused by human activities. The major charcoal signal is observed within the microscopic part of the archaeological sediments and thereby underlines the intensity of taphonomic processes. The identification of wood charcoal shows that birch and willow were located along the riverbanks, which provides further discussion of prehistoric fuel management in Pleniglacial context.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 9, 2018 - 10:45:20 AM
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Laurent Marquer, Vincent Lebreton, Thierry Otto, Erwan Messager. Macro-, meso- and micro-charcoal from the Epigravettian settlements of Mezhyrich (Ukraine): Taphonomical and anthracological issues. L'anthropologie, Elsevier Masson, 2015, 119 (4), pp.487 - 504. ⟨10.1016/j.anthro.2015.07.006⟩. ⟨hal-01890954⟩

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