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Risk assessment of mountain infrastructure destabilization in the French Alps.

Abstract : Processes that control climate-dependent rockfall from permafrost-affected rock slopes are still poorly understood.In this study, we present the results of a Wireless Sensor Network, integrated within the Swiss project PermaSenseand developed in 2012, to measure rock temperature and geotechnical parameters in the steep rockwalls of theAiguille du Midi (AdM, 3842 m a.s.l., Mont Blanc massif, France). Accessible year round by cable car, the AdMcomprises two main peaks: (i) the Piton Nord with the cable car arrival station, where 4 crack-meters are placed onfour major fractures, and (ii) the Piton Central with many touristic infrastructure, equipped with three 10-m-deepboreholes with 15 temperatures sensors since 2009, and where 2 crack-meters are installed along a major fracture.Three major kinematic regimes are observed: (i) opening of clefts when the rock temperature becomes positive,followed by closing during the cold period, (ii) summer opening continued by a winter opening, and (iii) closingduring the warm period followed by opening in winter.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 9, 2018 - 10:43:55 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 8:34:42 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-01788538, version 1


P.A Duvillard, Ludovic Ravanel, Philip Deline. Risk assessment of mountain infrastructure destabilization in the French Alps.. EGU 2015, European Geosciences Union, Apr 2016, Vienne, Austria. ⟨hal-01788538⟩



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