Oxygen isotope fractionation between bird bone phosphate and drinking water

Romain Amiot 1 Delphine Angst 2 Serge Legendre 1 Eric Buffetaut 3 François Fourel 4 Jan Adolfssen 5 Aurore André 6 Ana Voica Bojar 7 Aurore Canoville 8 Abel Barral 1 Jean Goedert 1 Stanislaw Halas 9 Nao Kusuhashi 10 Ekaterina Pestchevitskaya 11 Kevin Rey 12 Aurélien Royer 13 Antônio Álamo Feitosa Saraiva 14 Bérengère Savary-Sismondini 15 Jean-Luc Siméon 16 Alexandra Touzeau 17 Zhonghe Zhou 18 Christophe Lécuyer 1, 19
Abstract : Oxygen isotope compositions of bone phos- phate (δ18Op) were measured in broiler chickens reared in 21 farms worldwide characterized by contrasted lati- tudes and local climates. These sedentary birds were raised during an approximately 3 to 4-month period, and local precipitation was the ultimate source of their drink- ing water. This sampling strategy allowed the relationship to be determined between the bone phosphate δ18Op values (from 9.8 to 22.5‰ V-SMOW) and the local rainfall δ18Ow values estimated from nearby IAEA/WMO stations (from −16.0 to −1.0‰ V-SMOW). Linear least square fitting of data provided the following isotopic fractionation equation: δ18Ow = 1.119 (±0.040) δ18Op − 24.222 (±0.644); R2 = 0.98. The δ18Op–δ18Ow couples of five extant mallard ducks, a common buzzard, a European herring gull, a common ostrich, and a greater rhea fall within the predicted range of the equa- tion, indicating that the relationship established for extant chickens can also be applied to birds of various ecologies and body masses. Applied to published oxygen isotope com- positions of Miocene and Pliocene penguins from Peru, this new equation computes estimates of local seawater similar to those previously calculated. Applied to the basal bird Confuciusornis from the Early Cretaceous of Northeastern China, our equation gives a slightly higher δ18Ow value com- pared to the previously estimated one, possibly as a result of lower body temperature. These data indicate that caution should be exercised when the relationship estimated for mod- ern birds is applied to their basal counterparts that likely had a metabolism intermediate between that of their theropod dino- saur ancestors and that of advanced ornithurines.
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Romain Amiot, Delphine Angst, Serge Legendre, Eric Buffetaut, François Fourel, et al.. Oxygen isotope fractionation between bird bone phosphate and drinking water. The Science of Nature Naturwissenschaften, Springer Verlag, 2017, 104:47 (5-6), pp.1-13. ⟨10.1007/s00114-017-1468-2⟩. ⟨hal-01690007⟩

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