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Mobbing behaviour varies according to predator dangerousness and occurrence

Abstract : Animals possess various antipredator behaviours to reduce their risk of predation. Whereas most prey make considerable effort to avoid their predators, sometimes individuals approach and mob predators as a group. Among the types of predators that elicit mobbing, raptors such as hawks and owls are one of the more consistent targets. We conducted playback experiments to investigate the strength of mobbing behaviour according to the perceived risk associated with either predator dangerousness or local pre- dation pressure. We ␣rst determined whether mobbing is speci␣c to dangerous predators or more broadly directed at predatory species. We experimentally investigated whether prey can discriminate the level of dangerousness of two owl species. Our results indicate that prey adjusted the strength of their mobbing behaviour according to the perceived risk: passerine birds mobbed the Eurasian pygmy owl, Glaucidium passerinum (i.e. a dangerous predator) but not the boreal owl, Aegolius funereus (i.e. a far less dangerous species). Second, we compared mobbing behaviour in similar habitats differing in predation pressure (with or without pygmy owls). Working on identical bird communities, we revealed that mobbing varied in relation to the local presence of the predator. Where the pygmy owl was absent, calls of this dangerous predator failed to elicit mobbing among passerine birds although they responded strongly to a playback of a mobbing chorus. This study provides experimental evidence that intense predation increases the expression of cooperative mobbing in passerine birds.
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Contributor : Nathalie Lyvet <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 24, 2016 - 2:21:27 PM
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Mylène Dutour, Jean-Paul Léna, Thierry Lengagne. Mobbing behaviour varies according to predator dangerousness and occurrence. Animal Behaviour, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 119, pp.119-124. ⟨10.1016/j.anbehav.2016.06.024⟩. ⟨hal-01386660⟩



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