Novel energy-saving strategies to multiple stressors in birds: the ultradian regulation of body temperature

Abstract : This study aimed to examine thermoregulatory responses in birds facing two commonly experienced stressors, cold and fasting. Logging devices allowing long-term and precise access to internal body temperature were placed within the gizzards of ducklings acclimated to cold (CA) (58C) or thermo- neutrality (TN) (258C). The animals were then examined under three equal 4-day periods: ad libitum feeding, fasting and re-feeding. Through the analysis of daily as well as short-term, or ultradian, variations of body temp- erature, we showed that while ducklings at TN show only a modest decline in daily thermoregulatory parameters when fasted, they exhibit reduced surface temperatures from key sites of vascular heat exchange during fasting. The CA birds, on the other hand, significantly reduced their short-term vari- ations of body temperature while increasing long-term variability when fasting. This phenomenon would allow the CA birds to reduce the energe- tic cost of body temperature maintenance under fasting. By analysing ultradian regulation of body temperature, we describe a means by which an endotherm appears to lower thermoregulatory costs in response to the combined stressors of cold and fasting.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 26, 2016 - 10:49:16 AM
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Glen J. Tattersall, Damien Roussel, Yann Voituron, Loïc Teulier. Novel energy-saving strategies to multiple stressors in birds: the ultradian regulation of body temperature. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Royal Society, The, 2016, 283 (20161551), pp.1-7. ⟨10.6084/m9.fig- share.c.3464604.⟩. ⟨hal-01371549⟩

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