Fluctuating versus constant temperatures: effects on metabolic rate and oxidative damages in freshwater crustacean embryos

Abstract : Rising temperatures will pose a major threat, notably for freshwater ecosystems, in the decades to come. Temperature, a major environmental factor, affects organisms’ physiology and metabolism. Most studies of temperature effect address constant thermal regime (CTR), whereas organisms are exposed to fluctuating thermal regime (FTR) in their natural environ- ments. In addition, previous works have predominantly addressed issues of thermal tolerance in adults rather than in early life stages. Therefore, for the first time to our knowledge, we aimed to investigate the influence of thermal conditions, either FTR or CTR, on the physiology of the crustacean amphipod Gammarus roeseli Gervais, 1835 at different embryonic stages. We measured the metabolic rate and the TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) body content (to assess the level of oxidative damage). Oxygen consumption rate strongly increased throughout embryo development, whereas oxidative damages did not clearly change. In addition, the embryos tended to consume oxygen equally but displayed less oxidative damage when developing under FTR compared with developing under CTR. Moreover, our results revealed that fluctuating temperatures (and especially the existence of a colder (nonstressful) period during the day) could allow cell-damage repairs, and therefore, allow G. roeseli embryos to ensure good development by implementing an efficient protection response against oxidative stress.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 26, 2016 - 10:40:21 AM
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Natacha Foucreau, Charly Jehan, Martin Lawniczak, Frédéric Hervant. Fluctuating versus constant temperatures: effects on metabolic rate and oxidative damages in freshwater crustacean embryos. Canadian Journal of Zoology, NRC Research Press, 2016, 94, pp.591-598 ⟨10.1139/cjz-2015-0114⟩. ⟨hal-01371531⟩

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