Physico-Chemical Consequences of Water-Level Decreases in Wetlands

Abstract : Due to global change, many wetlands experience water level decreases and changes in their hydrological func- tioning, modifying their physico-chemical characteristics. Riverine wetlands are particularly complex within this frame- work because they are supplied by different water sources. This study assessed how long-term water level decreases in riverine wetlands relate to changes in their physico-chemical characteristics (temperature, oxygen, pH, conductivity and nutrient contents: nitrate, ammonium and phosphate). We hy- pothesized that 1) water level decreases have no effect on water nutrient contents because of the high water renewal by groundwater supplies, which may leach nutrients released from the sediment after the dewatering phase, and 2) the physico-chemical characteristics of the water would become increasingly similar to those of hillslope groundwater due to the increase in their water supplies in wetlands. We compared the surface water physico-chemical characteristics of nine riv- erine wetlands with contrasting water level decreases between 1993 and 2011. No increase in water nutrient contents oc- curred. However, depending on the wetland considered, the physico-chemical changes suggested either 1) increased con- nectivity with hillslope groundwater, 2) a lower rate of water renewal in wetlands or 3) increased river water supplies, po- tentially related to river lateral migration toward wetlands.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Wetlands, Springer Verlag, 2015, 35, pp.683-694. 〈10.1007/s13157-015-0658-y〉
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Soumis le : mardi 31 mai 2016 - 14:29:09
Dernière modification le : mardi 16 janvier 2018 - 16:14:32




Melissa De Wilde, Sara Puijalon, Félix Vallier, Gudrun Bornette. Physico-Chemical Consequences of Water-Level Decreases in Wetlands. Wetlands, Springer Verlag, 2015, 35, pp.683-694. 〈10.1007/s13157-015-0658-y〉. 〈hal-01323982〉



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