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Identification of B-type procyanidins in Fallopia spp. involved in biological denitrification inhibition

Abstract : Nitrogen (N) is considered as a main limiting factor in plant growth, and nitrogen losses through denitrification can be responsible for severe decreases in plant productivity. Recently, it was dem- onstrated that Fallopia spp. is responsible for biologi- cal denitrification inhibition (BDI) through the release of unknown secondary metabolites. Here, we investi- gate the secondary metabolites involved in the BDI of Fallopia spp. The antioxidant, protein precipitation capability of Fallopia spp. extracts was measured in relation to the aerobic respiration and denitrification of two bacteria (Gram positive and Gram negative). Proanthocyanidin concentrations were estimated. Proanthocyanidins in extracts were characterized by chromatographic analysis, purified and tested on the bacterial denitrification and aerobic respiration of two bacterial strains. The effect of commercial procyanidins on denitrification was tested on two different soil types. Denitrification and aerobic respiration inhibition were correlated with protein precipitationcapacityandconcentrationof proanthocyanidins but not to antioxidant capacity. These proanthocyanidins were B-type procyanidins that inhibited denitrification more than the aerobic respiration of bacteria. In addition, procyanidins also inhibited soil microbial denitrification. We demon- strate that procyanidins are involved in the BDI of Fallopia spp. Our results pave the way to a better understanding of plant–microbe interactions and highlight future applications for a more sustainable agriculture.
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Contributor : Nathalie Lyvet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, March 10, 2016 - 11:14:55 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 18, 2022 - 4:21:27 AM

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Clément Bardon, Florence Piola, Feth El Zahar Haichar, Guillaume Meiffren, Gilles Comte, et al.. Identification of B-type procyanidins in Fallopia spp. involved in biological denitrification inhibition. Environmental Microbiology, 2016, 18 (2), pp.644-655. ⟨10.1111/1462-2920.13062⟩. ⟨hal-01286057⟩



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