Nutrient and metal pollution of the eastern Gulf of Finland coastline: Sediments, macroalgae, microbiota

Abstract : The anthropogenic pollution along the coastline of the eastern Gulf of Finland was studied through a range of methods, including analyses of metal contamination in water, surface sediments, accumulated algal biomass and its correlation with resistant microbiota. According to concentrations, the main pollutants in water were copper and manganese. In␣uence of Nuclear Power Plant was remarkable in adjacent areas and was expressed in high concentrations of molybdenum, nickel, copper and other elements in the water. Relatively high concen- trations of copper, lead and zinc were found in sediments. Microbial tolerance appeared to be correlated with the concentration of the metals in sediments. Higher tolerance levels were found in sediment samples from more polluted stations. Macroalgae, which were massively developed in the coastal zone, had shown high level of metal bioaccumulation. Analyses of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus content of algal tissues allowed the estima- tion of additional nutrient loading from accumulated decaying algal biomass on the coastal zone of the eastern Gulf of Finland. Mass development of algae in coastal area may contribute to accumulation of organic matter and associated metals. In our study the highest metal concentrations in sediments were found at the sites with dense and continuous layer of fresh and decaying macroalgal biomass, accompanied by hypoxic conditions.
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Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2016, 550, pp.806-819. 〈10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.122〉
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Soumis le : lundi 7 mars 2016 - 15:59:41
Dernière modification le : jeudi 19 avril 2018 - 14:28:02

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Yulia Gubelit, Yulia Polyak, Grazyna Dembska, Grazyna Pazikowska-Sapota, Lukasz Zegarowski, et al.. Nutrient and metal pollution of the eastern Gulf of Finland coastline: Sediments, macroalgae, microbiota. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2016, 550, pp.806-819. 〈10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.122〉. 〈hal-01284506〉

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