Respective contributions of diet and medium to the bioaccumulation of pharmaceutical compounds in the first levels of an aquatic trophic web

Abstract : Nowadays, pharmaceuticals (PCs) are ubiquitous in aquatic ecosystems. It is known that these compounds have ecotoxic effects on aquatic organisms at low concentrations. Moreover, some of them can bioaccumulate inside organisms or trophic webs exposed at environmental concentrations and amplify ecotoxic impacts. PCs can bioaccumulate in two ways: exposure to a medium (e.g., respiration, diffusion, etc.) and/or through the dietary route. Here, we try to assess the respective contributions of these two forms of contamina- tion of the first two levels of an aquatic trophic web. We exposed Daphnia magna for 5 days to 0, 5, and 50 μg/L 15N-tamoxifen and then fed them with control and contami- nated diets. We used an isotopic method to measure the ta- moxifen content inside the daphnids after several minutes’ exposure and every day before and after feeding. We found that tamoxifen is very bioaccumulative inside daphnids (BCF up to 12,000) and that the dietary route has a significant im- pact on contamination by tamoxifen (BAF up to 22,000), es- pecially at low concentrations in medium.
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Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2015, 22, pp.20207-20214. 〈10.1007/s11356-015-5243-7〉
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Soumis le : mercredi 2 mars 2016 - 14:11:22
Dernière modification le : jeudi 19 avril 2018 - 14:28:02

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Frédéric Orias, Laurent Simon, Yves Perrodin. Respective contributions of diet and medium to the bioaccumulation of pharmaceutical compounds in the first levels of an aquatic trophic web. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2015, 22, pp.20207-20214. 〈10.1007/s11356-015-5243-7〉. 〈hal-01281625〉

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