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Metabolic Profile Discriminates and Predicts Arabidopsis Susceptibility to Virus under Field Conditions

Abstract : As obligatory parasites, plant viruses alter host cellular metabolism. There is a lack of information on the variability of virus-induced metabolic responses among genetically diverse plants in a natural context with daily changing conditions. To decipher the metabolic landscape of plant-virus interactions in a natural setting, twenty-six and ten accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana were inoculated with Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), in two field experiments over 2 years. The accessions were measured for viral accumulation, above-ground biomass, targeted and untargeted metabolic profiles. The phenotypes of the accessions ranged from susceptibility to resistance. Susceptible and resistant accessions were shown to have different metabolic routes after inoculation. Susceptible genotypes accumulate primary and secondary metabolites upon infection, at the cost of hindered growth. Twenty-one metabolic signatures significantly accumulated in resistant accessions whereas they maintained their growth as mock-inoculated plants without biomass penalty. Metabolic content was demonstrated to discriminate and be highly predictive of the susceptibility of inoculated Arabidopsis. This study is the first to describe the metabolic landscape of plant-virus interactions in a natural setting and its predictive link to susceptibility. It provides new insights on plant-virus interactions. In this undomesticated species and in ecologically realistic conditions, growth and resistance are in a permanent conversation.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03197197
Contributor : Muriel Gauthier <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 13, 2021 - 3:55:43 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 3:34:49 AM

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Bernadette Rubio, Olivier Fernandez, Patrick Cosson, Thierry Berton, Mélodie Caballero, et al.. Metabolic Profile Discriminates and Predicts Arabidopsis Susceptibility to Virus under Field Conditions. Metabolites, MDPI, 2021, 11 (4), pp.230. ⟨10.3390/metabo11040230⟩. ⟨hal-03197197⟩

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