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Tannin-based hard carbons as high-performance anode materials for sodium-ion batteries

Abstract : The demand for efficient and cheap electrochemical storage devices is very high today. Naion batteries are emerging as a promising alternative to Li-ion batteries for large-scale applications, due to the much larger abundance of sodium. Among the different negative electrode materials allowing Na insertion at low potentials, hard carbons are the materials with the best electrochemical performances reported so far. Here we investigate the synthesis of hard carbons from tannins, an abundant and cheap bio-sourced carbon precursor made of polyphenolic molecules. We show that by a well-controlled synthesis method and hightemperature pyrolysis (1600°C), a hard carbon with developed ultra-microporosity is obtained. This hard carbon delivers a reversible capacity of 306 mAh g-1 at C/20 with a firstcycle coulombic efficiency of 87 %. To our knowledge, these electrochemical performances are among the best ever reported in the literature for biomass-derived hard carbons.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03426254
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Submitted on : Friday, November 12, 2021 - 10:16:29 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:48:29 AM

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Hélène Tonnoir, D. Huo, Rafael Canevesi, Vanessa Fierro, Alain Celzard, et al.. Tannin-based hard carbons as high-performance anode materials for sodium-ion batteries. Materials Today Chemistry, Elsevier, 2022, 23, pp.100614. ⟨10.1016/j.mtchem.2021.100614⟩. ⟨hal-03426254⟩

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